FF PLOT - Fourier - Filter design

(04/14/95)

PURPOSE

Designs optimal 2-D or 3-D filters in Fourier or real space by the use of Remez exchange algorithm and subsequent McClellan transform. Plots Remez, Gauss or Fermi type filters.

SEE ALSO

FF [Filter - Fourier]
FQ [Filter - Quick Fourier, High, low pass, etc., Padded ||]
RC [Real Convolution ||]

USAGE

.OPERATION: FF PLOT

.(F)ERMI, (G)AUSS, (B)UTTER OR (R)EMEZ FILTER? (F/G/B/R): R
[Enter the name of the filter to be designed. The first three options produce the drawing of the filter for the given set of parameters.]

For Fermi Filter SPIDER asks:

.PLOT X-DIMENSION:
[Enter vertical length of the plot.]

.(L)OWPASS, (H)IGHPASS, OR (B)ANDPASS? (L/H/B):
[Enter type of the filter to be plotted]

.FERMI CUTOFF RADIUS, TEMP. FACTOR:
[Enter cutoff frequency and temperature factor.]

For Bandpass filter SPIDER asks:

.FERMI CUTOFF RADIUS.,TEMP.FACTOR:
[Enter cutoff frequency and temperature factor for the second cutoff.]

For Gaussian Filter SPIDER asks:

.PLOT X-DIMENSION:
[Enter vertical length of the plot.]

.(L)OWPASS, (H)IGHPASS, OR (B)ANDPASS? (L/H/B): B
[Enter type of the filter to be plotted]

.RADIUS:
[Enter cutoff frequency]

.(M)ULTIPLICATIVE, (A)DDITIVE:
[Enter type of the filter.]

For Butterworth filter SPIDER asks:

.PLOT X-DIMENSION:
[Enter vertical length of the plot.]

.(L)OWPASS, (H)IGHPASS (L/H):
[Enter type of the filter to be plotted.]

.PASS-BAND AND STOP-BAND FREQUENCY:
[Enter the two frequencies.]

.LIKE AN EXAMPLE WITH STEP FUNCTION??(Y/N):
[If answer is "Y" then it gives the plot of a step function and how it looks like when it is filtered using the Butterworth filter with the given parameters. NOTE: This currently works only for dimension (of plot) equal to powers of two only. If answer is "N" then you are back to operation command].

For Remez filter SPIDER asks:

.IMPULSE RESPONSE LENGTH: 17
[Enter the impulse response length. It should be odd, not larger then 59, and never larger than the actual size of Fourier space filter or smaller than 3.]

.NUMBER OF BANDS: 3
[Enter the number of pass- or stop- bands in freq. space for a filter to be designed (at least 2).]

.BAND # i - LOWER AND UPPER EDGES: 0.1,0.14
[Enter the edges boundaries for each band.]

.BAND # i - DESIRED VALUE: 2.3
[Enter the desired filter for each band (e.g. 0.0 or 0.5 or 1.0 or 3.0).]

.BAND # i - WEIGHTING: 1
[Enter the weight for each band; this specifies the relative error of approximation allowed in a given band]

.PLOT FREQUENCY RESPONSE (Y/N): Y
[Enter 'Y' if you want the plot of frequency response]

.DO YOU LIKE YOUR FILTER (Y/N): Y
[Enter 'Y' if you are satisfied with approximation obtained. Otherwise you go back to the first step.]

.FILTER FILE: FIL001
[Enter name of file where filter is to be stored.]

.FILTER DIMENSIONS (NX,NY): 128,64
[Enter dimensions of resulting filter in Fourier space. If 0 then PSF is stored to be subsequently used in 'RC' operation for real space filtering.]

.NUMBER OF SLICES (NZ): 32
[Enter number of slices for 3-D filter file. If 0 then a 2-D filter is produced, if >0 then a 3-D filter.]

If you answered RETURN for (NX,NY) SPIDER asks:

.PRODUCE 2-D OR 3-D PSF (2/3)?: 3
[Enter 2 or 3, and the file containing Point Spread Function of the appropriate dimensions is stored (to be used for filtering with RC).

NOTES

  1. Frequency units are absolute units (independent of image size) in the range 0.0 <= f <= 0.5 (0.5 is the highest value). The following two equations can be used to convert frequency units into pixel units for (p=0 ... (nx/2) ):
    p = 2 * f * (NX / 2)
    f = 0.5 * p / (NX / 2)

  2. For description of the Remez exchange algorithm see any book on digital filter design.

  3. For the description of 2-D McClellan transformation algorithm see: 'Digital filters and their applications' Cappellini V., Constantinides A.G., Emiliani P.

  4. For the description of the Butterworth filter see Signal processing algorithms Samuel D.Stearns, Ruth A.David.

  5. Remez option implemented by: Paul Penczek.

SUBROUTINES

FILTPLOT, FERMP, GAUSSP, BUTERP, REMEZP, MRKUR3, ROT_P, OPSF_P, ROT3_P, OPSF3_P, INF_Q, INF3_P, FMRS_2, FMRS_3

CALLER

FOUR1

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